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Not only does our study make sense in evolutionary terms but also has some important implication for China's social work system. Wu et al. () mentioned that parents who plan for having another child should foresee a possible unsupportive attitude from firstborns. However, just relying on parents to handle this problem may be insufficient, as implied by reports on undesirable consequences after pregnancy or the birth of a second child (e.g., Liu, ). This situation calls for establishing a local family intervention system aiming at family harmony and happiness, which, to our knowledge, almost does not exist in China. Evolutionary theory could shed light on designing such a system, by helping policy‐decision makers understand ultimate motivations underlying a conflict and the proximate pathways to this conflict (see also Nettle et al., ; Shenk, ; Tucker & Taylor, ).
What exactly is Conflict Theory?
Bickmore (2012) concluded that “What is missing and sorely needed is a well-grounded theoretical framework for understanding why those promising democratic peacebuilding pedagogies are so rare, especially in under-resourced public schools serving divers populations, and what can be done about it. Such research has immense significance for addressing core goals in citizenship education and peace/conflict education theory, as well as practical utility for education.” (p. 124).
Conflict is all around us, ranging from simple situations such as who left the dishes in the sink to major international disputes. There is a conflict theory that common stages are passed through as conflict develops. Here is one example:
When it comes to new laws, or the more aggressive enforcementof old laws, the question for the group conflict theorists isalways: Who benefits and who loses? As Chambliss and Seidman putit: "the rule is that discretion at every level... will beso exercised as to bring mainly those who are politically powerlessinto the purview of the law."Conflict theory is a difficult concept to explain. The theory itself was originally coined by Karl Marx, though later the theory was adapted and developed by other theorists such as Max Weber. In order to learn about conflict theory, one must begin with an individual or group.III. Feminist Theory. One inequality thatdidn't receive much attention even from the conflict theoristsis gender. Theorists sometimes apologized for their lack of attentionto girls and women, but there was an assumption that the moredramatic and interesting forms of deviance were primarily thepurview of the boys and men. Official crime data confirmed theirpreponderance both as perpetrators and aggressors. Only sincethe rise of modern feminism in the late 1960s and early 1970shas that assumption been systematically tested. The first focusof the feminist theorists was domestic violence and rape. Thecriminal justice system, by largely ignoring male violence againstwomen in intimate relationships, helped to perpetuate a patriarchythat was at least as basic to American society as class or racialdomination.Clearly, the conflict theory takes a number of things into consideration. While there always seems to be some sort of struggle between social classes, this is not always the case. Sometimes, conflict theory can be applied to ideologies including capitalism and socialism. Sometimes, theory in conflict has to do with the ways in which one group can better its social position. Often, conflict theory is a physical resistance, but sometimes itâ€™s just a battle of the brains.In many ways, conflict theory really begins with the role that one person or group plays within the larger social scene. Additionally, theory in conflict states that the whole point of a society is to create social change. Often, this change occurs through a matter of physical strife and struggle.Additionally, Marxist conflict theory looks at what happens when one group attempts to rebel against the other group and the various roles a group of people (or one person) has over another group of people.As soon as the general population begins to rebel against this form of social order, they will be labeled ’societal outlaws’.€ While the conflict theory does not seek to support either side, it does seek to study how those that have power stay in power. In summation, to learn all about conflict theory is to study how the elite manage to hold onto their position at the top of the pyramid while they are being challenged by the masses.Marxist conflict theory seeks to study the inner-workings of struggle, why struggle occurs, and how the ruling class manages to hold onto their power during struggle.